Unit 6 I am watching TV 知识点小结及题

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  试题预览

  Unit 6 I am watching TV 知识点小结及题

   语法结构

  (一)语法:

  1.现在进行时的构成与运用。

  (1).现在进行时态定义:表示现在正在进行的动作。

  (2).现在进行时态构成:助动词be(am,is are) + 动词的现在分词。助动词Be无实意;它

  随着人称、数、时态的变化而变化。

  句型:What are you doing ? I’m … .

   What’s he /she doing ? He /she is… .

   Is he /she doing … ? Yes, he /she isn’t . No , he /she isn’t .

  注意:句子中人称数的一致。

  例如:I’m eating an apple. What is he/she doing? He/She is playing basketball.

  What are they doing? They’re writing .

  (3).现在进行时用于以下几种情况:

  (A). 现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作或存在的状态。

   I’m doing my homework.我正在写作业。

  (B).表示现阶段正在进行,但此刻不一定在进行的动作。

   She is translating a novel these days.她最近正在翻译一本小说。

  (C).在英语中,有些动词,如:come, go, leave, arrive, begin, start, stay等的现在进行时可表示正在进行的动作,一般跟时间状语,表示不久将要发生的动作。

  如:Shes coming to see you today.她今天要来看你。

   The train is arriving soon.火车就要到了。

   I’m leaving for Shanghai tomorrow. 我明天动身去上海.

  (D). 现在进行时与always, forever等词连用,表示反复出现的或成习惯的动作,

   含有 “赞叹”, “厌烦”等感彩.

   He is always thinking of his work.他总是想着他的工作.

  2. 动词现在分词的构成规律:

  1) 一般情况下,在动词原形后直接加-ing.

   如:work-working (工作)/ do-doing(做)/ play-playing(玩)/wear-wearing / meet-meeting/

  listen-listening / look-looking / repeat-repeating / watch-watching

  2) 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e,再加-ing.

  如:dance-dancing(跳舞)/ take-taking(带,拿)/ come-coming / have-having

  skate-skating / make- / write-writing

  3) 重读闭音节单词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,则双写这一字母,再加-ing.

  如:put-putting(放)/ stop-stopping(停止)/dig-digging(挖)/

   cut-cutting (切,割)/run-running/ swim-swimming/get-getting/ begin-beginning

  4) 以ie结尾的动词,把ie 变为y, 再加-ing。

  如:die ---dying (死) lie –lying()

  3. 与现在进行时态连用的时间词:now(现在) at this moment(此刻) at present (现在) these days (这些天),当出现下列动词时也可能用进行时,look,listen,

  如:What are you doing now? (你在干什么?)I’m reading now. (我现在正在读书。)

  I’m doing much work at present. (我现在做很多事情。)

  Look!Mr zhang is singing an English song。

  (二)、重点词组

  do one’s homework 做家庭作业 watch TV 看电视

  eat dinner 吃晚饭 talk on the phone 在电话里交谈

  write a letter 写一封信 go to the movies=go to see a film去看电

  play basketball 打篮球 thanks for sth. 为……而感谢

  TVtalk show 电视节目 want to do sth. 想做某事

  a photo of my mily 一张我的全家照 at the mall “ 在购物商场”注意用“at”。

  talk to: 和…讲话(强调一方在讲另一方在听)talk with: 和 … 讲话(强调两者都在说,

  talk about: 谈论…(强调谈论什么事情) read a book “看书”也可说“read books”

  at the pool 在游泳池 at the library 在图书馆

  study for 为、、、考试而准备 boat races 船赛

  wait for sb./ sth. 等候某人或某物。 eat out 在外面吃

  what time =when 询问时间 use the computer 使用电脑

  listen to the CDmusic 听音乐 make soupdinner做汤饭

  on Sundays 在每个周日 in the mornings 在每个早上

  go to the movies =see a movie 看电影 filmmovie 电影

  一、选择填空。

  ( ) 1. --“ What is she ________?” -- “ She is dancing

   A. dance B. dancing C. do D. doing

  ( ) 2. My sister is _________ homework

   A. do B. does C. doing D.

  3. ( ) I am ______ a book. A. see

  ( ) They’re ____________ a basketball game. B. looking

  ( ) What are you _________ at? . C. watching

  ( ) What can you _______ in the picture? D. reading

  ( ) 4. –What is the man doing? – He’s ________ his clothes.

  A. putting on B. putting C. wearing D. dressing

  ( ) 5. Look! She ________ music.

  A. listen B. listens C. listening D. is listening to

  ( ) 6. His mily _______ dinner.

  A. eats B. eating C. is eating D. are eating

  ( ) 7. Here ______ three ______ of his mily.

  A. is, photo B. are, photoes C. are , photos D. is , photos

  ( ) 8. Nancy with her friends _________ now.

  A. play B. plays C.is playing D. are playing

  ( ) 9. Thanks for _______me.

  A. ask B. asks C. asking D. to ask

  ( ) 10. “ _____ the young woman playing piano?” “ Yes, she _____.”

  A. Is, is B. does , does C. Is , does D. does, is

  ( ) 11. _______ you want to play tennis?

  A. Are B. Is C. Do D. Does

  12. ( ) -- _______ is Jenny? -- At the library.

   ( ) -- _______ do you want to eat dinner? – At five o’clock.

  A. Where B. When C. What D. How

  ( ) 13. My parents often talk about ____.

  A. Jim and she B. you and Jim C. Jim and you D. he and I

  ( ) 14. She _______ with hern

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